Saturday, August 8, 2020

Top 5 government space organisations of India

Space exploration in India

Space exploration in India
    Last few years space exploration projects from various space agencies have shown as that space exploration can be much more fun than we think of it and it can provide a very deep knowledge about the Big Bang or the origin of our species on this planet or the universe and materials and energies in universe objects like black hole wormhole neutron stars and many more. In our previous article we have already discussed the various not very well known yet very successful Indian startups (private companies) which are working on projects either directly related to space exploration or indirectly related to it.
Space exploration in India

Top 5 government space organisations of India

    I don't know why but whenever we talk about space exploration, missile technologies, satellite technologies, the first and the only name that comes to our mind is ISRO. No doubt, in recent years ISRO has achieved very valuable milestones of space exploration that many other space agencies or even countries dream of. But it is also true that there are many space agencies and other government bodies other than ISRO, which are directly involved in some projects related to space exploration and are doing really great in the field, but still we don't know about them. In this article I will tell you about the top 5 Indian space research departments which are working on space research, some of them are working with ISRO, but I am sure you haven't heard of them.

Department of Space (DoS)(अंतरिक्ष विभाग)

Department of Space
    Department of Space (अंतरिक्ष विभाग) is a major department of Indian government and the governing body of many space and physical research organizations of the country. As being a government organization Department of Space has the responsibility to increase the benefits in the socioeconomic field of the country by endorsing the development of space science and technology. Department of Space handles the two major satellite programs of India named as;

  • Indian National Satellite System (INSAT)

    • It is a series of some geostationary satellites responsible for Indian telecommunication, weather forecasting, monitoring of environmental changes (physical or chemical) and many search and rescue operations executed by various security forces.

  • Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS)

    • It is a program operated by the Indian government. The main reason for establishing such a system was to gather data on a country level using satellites and process and analyse that data for the betterment of the nation. The mail three goals of this wing are;
    1. Design and deploy sun synchronous orbiting satellites.
    2. For the controlling of the satellites, gathering data from them and for processing that data, build and operate a ground station.
    3. To utilize the data gathered for prediction and forecasting in various fields like agriculture, defense and infrastructure development.
Fun Fact: The Department of Space manages the ISRO but it was established after ISRO.

INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research)

Indian National Committee for Space Research
    Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) is not in action under this name today, we can visualize it as the ISRO today. It was established way before ISRO i.e., in 1962 by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai who is also known as the father of Indian Space Research Organization because he established the INCOSPAR and later the organization was superseded by ISRO in 1969, in the beginning the organization was only a part of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. This was a one step forward by Indian government in the field of space research. INCOSPAR was the main player in the development of the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station. The first core team of rocket engineers at Indian National Committee for Space Research also included the great scientist, the missile man of India Dr. APB Abdul Kalam Sir.

Defense Space Agency

    India has been working for decades in the field of space warfare, assets related to satellite intelligence. There is a government agency associated with the work and development in this field named as Defense Space Agency. The agency is a tri-service command and manages space warfare and handles the assets related to satellite intelligence. The organization was established in the year of 2018 in the month of September. The establishment of DSA was the result of the recommendations of the Kargil Review Committee which was reviewed by Naresh Chandra Task Force. It was the recommendation of the task force to create three commands;
  1. Cyber command
  2. Aerospace command and
  3. Special operation command
Thus the DSA is a tri-service agency. Finally on September 28 2018 the Defense Space Agency, Defense Cyber Agency and Armed Forces Special Operations Division was approved by Indian Government in the ministry of prime minister Narendra Modi.
The DSA two working departments of the defense (DIPAC Defense Imagery Processing and Analysis Center and DSCC Defense Satellite Control Center) right after its operationalization. The two main successful projects of DSA are;
  1. Anti satellite program of India in March 2019
  2. IndSpaceEx 25th to 26th of July 2019
The organizations listed below are somehow related to each other, because they are associates of ISRO but still they operate like a free body.

National Remote Sensing Centre (राष्ट्रीय सुदूर संवेदन केन्द्र)

National Remote Sensing Centre
    NRSC is a primary centre of Indian Space Research Organisation and is also associated with the Department of Space. The main goal of this organization is to capture data of various regions and domains like environmental temperature, pressure, vegetation growth, Urban land, wastelands information, geomorphology, flood hazard Zonation, Erosion maps, water bodies and many more. The organization provides the data for various analysis and predictions using the newest technologies like Machine Learning and Data Science, and uses those predictions to develop solutions for various problems, so that the overall growth of the country increases.

Human Space Flight Centre (समानव अंतरिक्ष उड़ान केंद्र)

Human Space Flight Centre
    This one is probably the newest child of the Indian Space Research Organization, it was formed on 30th January 2019 the main reason to form this body was to coordinate the human space flight missions. This department is responsible for all the training and the technological research for the human space flights. The first crewed flight by the HSFC is planned to be launched in the December month of 2021. There is one thing which is to be noted that before the formation of this department by ISRO and before the announcement by ISRO to conduct a human space mission the Gaganyaan, It was not in the priority list of ISRO to conduct a human space mission.

Ankush Pandey

Author & Editor

Ankush Pandey is a very versatile, hard working and talented engineer and researcher. He has published many research in international and national conferences. His fields of interest and work are image processing, data science and IoT.


  1. Informative
    Once I visited to NatinalN remote sensing centre

    1. Thankyou ashish for your feedback. This makes us motivated to do more 😊

  2. Thanks for providing such type of valuable thing